Employment Opportunity Occupational Categories
- Officials and Managers - Occupations requiring administrative personnel
who set broad policies, exercise overall responsibility for executive of these
policies and direct individual department or special phases of a firm's operations.
Include: officials, executives, middle management, plan manager, department managers,
and superintendents, salaried supervisors who are members of management, purchasing
agents and buyers, and kindred workers. Do not include supervisors whose scientific
or engineering background is consistent with the definitions for scientists or
Technicians - Occupations requiring a basic scientific
knowledge and manual skill which can be obtained through 2-years of post-high-school
education, such as is offered in many technical institutes and junior colleges,
or through equivalent on-the-job training. Include: all nonexempt employees, manual
or non-manual (salaried or hourly), engaged in work such as draftsman, engineering
aide, mathematical aide, radio operator, scientific assistant, technical illustrator,
and other technicians (medical, dental, electronic, or physical sciences).
Office and Clerical - Occupations which include performing
work, regardless of level of difficulty, where activities are predominantly non-manual,
but may required some manual work not directly involved with altering or transporting
the product. Include: clerk, stenographer, typist, secretary, bookkeeper, cashier,
messenger, licensed practical or vocational nurse, photographer, shipping or receiving
clerk, telegraph or telephone operator, and computer operator.
Craftsmen (skilled) - Manual workers of relatively high
skill level having a thorough and comprehensive knowledge of the processes involved
in their work, and who exercise considerable independent judgement and usually
received an extensive period of training. Include: the building trades, hourly
paid supervisors and lead operators who are not members of management, mechanics
and repairers, skilled machining occupations, compositors and typesetters, electricians,
engravers, job setters (metal), motion picture projectionists, pattern and model
makers, stationery engineers, tailors and seamstresses, and kindred workers.
Operatives (semi-skilled) - Workers who operate machine
or processing equipment or perform other factory-type duties of intermediate skill
level which can be mastered in a few weeks and required only limited training.
Include: apprentices (auto mechanics, plumbers, bricklayers, carpenters, electricians,
machinists, mechanics building trade, metal working trades, printing trades, etc.),
attendants (auto service and parking), blasters, chauffeurs, delivery workers,
dressmakers, and sewers (except factory), dryers, furnace workers, heaters (metal),
laundry and dry cleaning operatives, milliners, mine operatives and laborers,
motor operators, oilers, and greasers (except auto), painters (except construction
and maintenance), photographic process workers, stationary firefighters, truck
and tractor drivers, weavers (textile), welders, and flame cutters, and kindred
Laborers - Manual Occupations general requiring no special
training to perform elementary duties that may be learned in a few days and require
application of little or no independent judgment. Include: garage laborers, car
washers and greasers, gardeners (except farm) and groundskeeper, stevedores, wood
choppers, individuals performing lifting, digging, mixing, loading and pulling
operations, and kindred workers.
Service Workers - Workers in identified support service
specialties. Include: attendants (hospital and other institutions, professional
and personal service, including nurses aides, and orderlies), barbers, charworkers
and cleaners, cooks (except household), cafeteria; counter; and fountain workers,
elevator operators, firefighters and fire protection, guards, doorkeepers, stewards,
janitors, porters, waiters and waitresses, and kindred workers.
On-The-Job Trainee (Blue Collar)
- Persons engaged in
formal training for craft worker (when not trained under apprentice program),
operative, laborer, and service occupations.
On-The-Job Trainee (White Collar) - Persons engaged
in formal training for official, managerial, professional, technical, sales, and
office and clerical occupations.
Apprentices - Persons engaged in learning a trade by
practical training under a skilled worker.
- Scientists - Occupations requiring actual engagement
in the scientific work at a level which requires knowledge of mathematical,
physical, or live sciences equivalent, at a minimum to that acquired through
completion of a 4-year college course with a major in one of these fields, regardless
of whether he or she hold a college degree in the field. Include in this category
employees who are involved in research and development, production, technical
service, technical writing, and other positions which required them to use the
indicated level of knowledge in their work. Do not include employees training
in science but currently employed in positions not required the use of such
training. Exclude psychologists and social scientists.
- Engineers - Occupations requiring actual engagement
in work which requires a level of knowledge in chemical civil, electrical, mechanical,
metallurgical, or any other type of engineering equivalent, at a minimum, to
that acquired through completion of a 40year college course with a major in
one of these fields, regardless of whether he or she holds a college degree
in the field. Include in this category employees who are involved in research
and development, production, technical service, technical writing, and other
positions which require them to use the indicated level of knowledge in their
work. Do not include employees training in engineering, but currently employed
in positions not requiring the use of such training. Include architectural engineers;
- Professional (except Scientists and Engineers) - Occupations
requiring either college graduation or experience of such kind and amount as
to provide comparable background. Include: accountants and auditors, airplane
pilots and navigators, architects, artists, designers, dietitians, editors,
lawyers, librarians, mathematicians, registered professional nurses, personnel
and labor relations workers, physicians, social scientists, psychologists, teachers,
and kindred workers.